Hillel Wayne published a post yesterday on “The Hard Part of Learning a Language”, about all the little “getting started” challenges of learning a new programming language. It resonated with me so much, because I find myself going through this process pretty frequently.
I sometimes describe myself as an “intermittent” software developer, though really I’ve never worked as a developer: I’ve spent most of my career as either a scientist or in operational and support roles. (SRE, sysadmin, pick your job title…) While I’ve written code nearly every day for over a decade, I’ve rarely spent more than a few weeks at a time working on any given piece of software.
Instead, I’ve mostly worked on operational tooling, low-maintenance microservices, or wrote “one-off” code to support an analysis or duplicate an issue. I also spend a lot of time working on other people’s code, but mostly in the context of “fix the damn thing!” The result of this pattern is that I:
- Frequently switch languages
- Spend a lot more time reading and analyzing software than writing it
- Often have weeks or months go by since the last time I touched a language or service
- Rarely get to become deeply immersed in a given language’s idioms or practices
Because of this, I keep finding that the languages I like best are those that are relatively easy to put down for a while, and pick up again without a ton of friction. This isn’t exactly the same as having an easy learning curve, but more that they don’t require reloading a lot of mental context which is unique to them. The languages I like tend to have:
- Large standard libraries
- Minimal need for IDE support or editor plugins
- Consistent community coding styles, and/or widely-used auto-formatting tools
- Strong backward compatibility
- Good documentation
- Decent integration with Linux distro package managers
- Communities that converge on “one way to do it” solutions, and make it obvious what they are!
So, for example, I’m a pretty big fan of Go. It’s not very interesting, and I find writing it a bit repetitive (
if err != nil ...). But I can go six months without writing any Go, sit down to fix a bug in a project I’ve never worked on before, and generally expect to get my bearings fast. I also tend to like Python a lot, despite some messy spots, because I can almost always work within a pretty stable core consisting of the standard library and a few large, stable packages.
The biggest downside, though, is that I frequently bounce off of languages that I think are exciting but feel like they’d require too much consistent attention to keep up with. For example, I think Rust is one of the most interesting languages out there today… but I’ve been challenged by the combination of a small standard library and relatively fast pace of change (in the ecosystem, not the language!). That combination makes me skeptical that I could follow any kind of “intermittent” pattern with Rust; I feel like I would keep getting lost every time I came back!
To be clear, I don’t think this means the languages I have trouble with should change! They’re clearly really successful, and many are doing really interesting things.
But I do think there’s a lot of value in building tools that are “low-maintenance”, and that language stability has a lot going for it. Without doing a real analysis, I suspect that communities with a lot of part-time developers will often gravitate to languages that change slowly. Certainly scientific computing seems to write a lot of Python, C++, and Fortran — and older versions of those languages at that! And the SRE community definitely publishes a lot of Go.
Then again, maybe I’m wrong! Are there any fast-changing languages popular with part-time developers? Feel free to shoot me an email and let me know. 🙂